Wednesday, September 21, 2016

amcat reading comprehension previous questions with answers-18

PASSAGE-18

Along with the obscurantist language, bribe-taking culture around the world often involves the avoidance of physically handing the money from one person to another. One obvious reason is to avoid detection, which is why bribes are known as ―envelopes   in countries from China to Greece. But avoidance of a direct hand –over is common even where there is no chance of detection. There will always be some officials who will take money right from a bribe-player‘s hands, but most seem to prefer to find some way to hide the money from view. Rich Westerners may not think of their societies as plagued by corruption. But the definition of bribery clearly differs from person to person. A New Yorker might pity the third-world businessman who must pay bribes just to keep his shop open. But the same New Yorker would not think twice about slipping the $50 to sneak into a nice restaurant without a reservation. Poor people the world over are most infuriated by the casual corruption of the elites rather than by the underpaid, ―tip  -seeking soldier or functionary. Thus there is no single cultural or social factor that inclines a society towards corruption, but economic factors play a big part. Most clearly, poverty and bribery go together.  ( For Complete Passage :  http://www.economist.com/node/8401139 )
1.     What is the author likely to agree to in the following?
Option 1 : Some cultures suffer corruptions while others do not.
Option 2 : Social factors incline a society towards corruption.
Option 3 : Bribery is not a cultural phenomena.                   Option 4 : None of these
2.     Which of the following the author does not identify as linguistic manifestation of corruption?
A.     Asking for a favour.                                                          B. Use of double meanings.
B.     Option 3 : Use of quasi-official terminology.             D.Relate to food item.
3.     What is bribe generally called in China?
Option 1 : Hand-over        Option 2 : Refresco            Option 3 : Envelopes         4 : Baksheesh
4.     In summary what does the passage primarily suggest and provide evidence for?
Option 1 : Corruption is always concealed in some way, both linguistically and in the process.
Option 2 : Corruption exists only in developing economies.
Option 3 : Corruption is an unethical practice.          4 : Corruption slows down GDP growth.
5.     What could be the meaning of the word dissimulation, as can be inferred from the context it is used in first line of the passage?
Option 1 : Hypocrisy         Option 2 : Clarity                Option 3 : Frankness         Option 4 : Insult
6.     What best represents the author's attitude towards the rich people in the West?
Option 1 : Appreciative    2 : Mildly critical                 3 : Heavily critical   4 : Mildly appreciative
7.     What is the author most likely to agree to?
Option 1 : People generally do not try to hide money taken as bribe.
Option 2 : People hide money taken as bribe primarily to avoid detection.
Option 3 : People hide money taken as bribe from view even if detection possibility is low.
Option 4 : None of these
8.     What could be the meaning of the word 'obscurantist' as inferred from the passage?

Option 1 : Clear      Option 2 : Unclear             Option 3 : Nasty                 Option 4 : Polite

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