Monday, November 23, 2015

Techmahindra Verbal( english) previous questions( Reading Passage)

Reading Passage
I. Read the passage and answer the questions

1 Mrs Ashton: Excuse me! Do you know ......... this train is going to London?
a) Since b) If c) how d)Whenever e)None of the above
2 Mr Corp: Oh yes, madam. She's ......... going to London. Mrs Ashton: Well, that's good
a) Precisely b) Exactly c) Definitely d)Always e)None of the above
3 Mrs Ashton: Well, that's good.......... Mr Corp:
a) Information b) Knowledge c)Knowing d)News e) None of the above
4 What ......... you say that, madam?
a)Forces b)Makes c)Does d)Requires e)None of the above
5 Mrs Ashton: Well, last time I ......... by train, I got on the wrong one.
a)Traveled b) Caught c)Tripped d)Ended e) None of the above
6 Mr Corp: What ......... to you then?
a)Occurred b)Transpired c)Happened d)Developed e)None of the above
7 Mrs. Ashton: It was terrible because I ended ......... miles away from where I wanted to go.
a) Over b)Up c)Through d)In e)None of the above
8 Mr. Corp: Well, you'll have no such ......... today, madam.
a) Puzzle b)Situation c)Condition d)Problem e)None of the above
9 Mrs. Ashton: Look are you ......... the train's going to London.
a)Sure b)Clear c)Evident d)Obvious e)None of the above
10 It's taking a long time to leave. Mr. Corp: Don't you ......... madam. It is going to London but
not for another 4 hours!
a)Concern b)Think c)Worry d)Consider e) None of the above
II. Read the passage and answer the questions

From designing and printing corporate brouchures and business cards to photocopying students’ essays it’s all in a day’s work for Multicopy Printing. The family-run firm is one of the most successful printing, copyshop and design offices in the region. Although it is a ___(1)________ small company, it thinks big. The company has made a considerable _____(2)____in high-tech machinery to ___(3)_____up in this rapidly changing industry. The company’s success has recently enabled it to modernize and _____(4)______its premises. Multicopy’s Managing Director, Colin Marsh, says,”It was very ____(5)______before. We may get up to two tones of paper delivered a day and we were running out of space to ______(6)______it. Now, we are the only business in this area _____(7)______a print service from start to finish all under one roof. A vast amount of work can be _____(8) in a very short span of time. The firm was ____(9)____ up 22 years ago by Colin’s father, who was the area manager for a national ____(10)____ of printers before starting his own business.

1 Fill in the blank no.1
a) Relatively b) Roughly c) wholly d) nearly e) None of the above
2 Fill in the blank no.2
a) Investment b) Expense c) Cost d) Payment e) None of the above
3 Fill in the blank no.3
a) Go b)get c) keep d) going e) None of the above
4 Fill in the blank no.4
a) Boost b) Exceed c) Continue d) Expand e) None of the above
5 Fill in the blank no.5
a) Closed b) crowded c) Occupied d) Filled e) None of the above
6 Fill in the blank no.6
a) reserve b) collect c) store d) fetch e) None of the above
7 Fill in the blank no.7
a) lending b) providing c) stocking d) holding e) None of the above
8 Fill in the blank no.8
a) settled b) built c) constructed d) completed e) None of the above
9 Fill in the blank no.9
a) taken b)put c) made d)set e) None of the above
10 Fill in the blank no.10
a) branch b) chain c) system d) series e) None of the above
III. Read the passage and answer the questions

In 1928, 25 year old John Stewart was (1)_________redundant. He was left with a compensation (2)____________of $ of 5000 and a determination to be his own(3)_________.As a supporter of his local football club, he had often helped them by maintaining and repairing their seating. He now (4) ___________to set up his own company and make a (5)______________out of his lobby. His first ___(6)___ was to get 1000 brouchures printed, ____(7)____ the two main services which he could ____(8)____ ,repair and maintenance. He sent these brouchures to amateur and professional football clubs, and other similar _____(9)____ such as hockey clubs. The week after completing the mailing was the worst of his life. He had no responses at all. Then a letter arrived from Scotland inviting him to give a ___(10)____ for a pre-season check of a football club’s seating.
1 Fill in the blank no.1
a) Told b) Made c) Required d) Found e)None of the above
2 Fill in the blank no.2
a) Salary b) Wage c) Payment d)Amount e) None of the above

3 Fill in the blank no.3
a) Boss b) Worker c) Businessman d) Head e) None of the above
4 Fill in the blank no.4
a) Accepted b) Thought c) Liked d) Decided e) None of the above
5 Fill in the blank no.5
a) Living b) Practising c) Labor d) Task e) None of the above
6 Fill in the blank no.6
a) Stage b) Point c) Movement d) Step e) None of the above
7 Fill in the blank no.7
a) Declaring b) Expressing c) Outlining d) Designing e)None of the above
8 Fill in the blank no.8
a) Do b) Provide c) Achieve d) Succeed e) None of the above
9 Fill in the blank no.9
a) Organizations b) Situations c) Activities d) Sports e) None of the above
10 Fill in the blank no.10
a) Bid b) Tender c) Valuation d) Quotation e) None of the above
IV. Read the passage and answer the questions

Please read the following sentence/passage and fill-in the blanks with most appropriate word(s) from the options/choice provided under each. From designing and printing corporate brouchures and business cards to photocopying students' essays it's all in a day's work for Multicopy Printing. The family-run firm is one of the most successful printing, copyshop and design offices in the region. Although it is a _____(1)_____ small company, it thinks big. The company has made a considerable_____(2)_____ in high-tech machinery to_____(3)_____up in this rapidly changing industry. The company's success has recently enabled it to modernize and_____(4)_____its premises. Multicopy's Managing Director, Colin Marsh, says,"It was very_____(5)_____before. We may get up to two tones of paper delivered a day and we were running out of space to_____(6)_____it. Now, we are the only business in this area_____(7)_____a print service from start to finish all under one roof. A vast amount of work can be_____(8)_____in a very short span of time. The firm was_____(9)_____up 22 years ago by Colin's father, who was the area manager for a national_____(10)_____of printers before starting his own business.
1 Fill in the blank no.1
a) Relatively b) Roughly c) Wholly d) Nearly e) None of the above
2 Fill in the blank no.2
a) Investment b) Expense c) Cost d) Payment e) None of the above

3 Fill in the blank no.3
a) Go b) Get c) Keep d) Going e) None of the above
4 Fill in the blank no.4
a) Boost b) Exceed c) Continue d) Expand e) None of the above
5 Fill in the blank no.5
a) Closed b) crowded c) Occupied d) Filled e) None of the above
6 Fill in the blank no.6
a) reserve b) collect c) store d) fetch e) None of the above
7 Fill in the blank no.7
a) lending b) providing c) stocking d) holding e) None of the above
8 Fill in the blank no.8
a) settled b) built c) constructed d) completed e) None of the above
9 Fill in the blank no.9
a) taken b) put c) made d) set e) None of the above
10 Fill in the blank no.10
a) branch b) chain c) system d) series e) None of the above
V. Read the passage and answer the questions

Read the passage and answer the questions. Once upon a time, there was a rich merchant who had four wives. He loved the fourth wife the most and adorned her with rich robes and treated herto delicacies. He took great care’of her and gave her nothing but the best. He also loved the third wife very much. He was very proud of her and always wanted to show her off to his friends. However, the merchant was always in great fear, that she might run away with some other men. He loved his second wife_ too. She was very considerate person, always patient and in fact was the merchant’s confidante. Whenever the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his second wife and she would always help him out and tide him through difficult times. Now, the merchant’s first wife was very loyal partner and had made great contributions in maintaining his wealth and business as well as taking care of the household. However, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her. One day, the merchant fell ill. Before long, he knew that he was going to die soon. He thought of his luxurious life and told himself, “ Now I have four wives with me. But when I die, i’ll be alone. How lonely i’ll be!” Thus, he asked the fourth wife,.”I loved you most, endowed you with the finest clothing and showered great care over you. Now, that I’m dying, will you follow me and keep me company ?” “No way !” Replied the fourth wife and she walked away without another word. The answer cut like a sharp knife right into the merchant’s heart. The sad merchant than asked the third wife, “I have loved you so much for all my life. Now, that I’m dying, will you follow me and keep me company ?” “No !” Replied the third wife. “Life is so good over here ! I’m going to remarry when you die !” The merchant’s heart sank and turned cold. He then asked the secbnd wife, “I always turned to you for help and you’ve always helped me out. Now I need your help again. When I die, will you follow me and keep me company ? “ “I’m sorry, I can’t help you out this time !” Replied the second wife. “At the very most, I can only send you to your grave.” The answer came like a bolt of thunder and the merchant was devastated. Then a voice called out, “i’ll leave with you. I’ll follow you no matter where you go.” The merchant looked up and there was his first wife. She was so skinny, almost like she suffered from malnutrition. Greatly grieved, the merchant said, “I should have taken much better care of you while I could have !” Actually, we all have four wives in our lives. The fourth wife is our body. No matter how much time and effort we lavish in making it look good, it’ll leave us when we die. Our third wife is our possessions, status and wealth. When we die, they all go to others. The second wife is our family and friends. No matter how close they had been to us when we’re alive, the furthest they can stay by us is up to the grave. The first wife is in fact our soul, often neglected in our pursuit of material, wealth and sensual pleasure. It is actually the only thing that follows us where ever we go. Perhaps it’s a good idea to cultivate and strengthen it now rather than to wait until we’re in our deathbed to lament.
1 What did the merchant want to do with his third wife ?
a) To buy good clothes for her
b) To give her away to his friends
c) To show her off to his friends
d) To share his problems with her
e) None

2 What was the second wife's quality ?
a) She helped the merchant during tough times
b) She helped the merchant in his business
c) She made the merchant feel proud
d) She contributed to the merchant's wealth
e) None

3 What does the phrase 'cut like a sharp knife' as used in the passage mean ?
a) Injure b) Bleed c) Dangerous d) Hurt e) None

4 Which of the following is possible NOT a characteristics of the first wife as given in the passage?
a) Caring b) Beautiful c)Thin d) Loyal e) All of the above are characteristics of the first wife

5 What fear did the merchant have about his third wife ?
a) That she would kill him
b) That she would not accompany him when he died
c) That she would run away with all his money
d) That she would not look beautiful anymore
e) That she would kill him  

6 What explanation did the fourth wife give for not accompanying the merchant when he was dying?
a) She wanted more money b) She did not give any explanation
c) She wanted to marry someone else after the merchant's death
d) She was afraid to go with him e) None
7 Why did the first wife offer to go with the merchant when he died ?
a) Because she loved him
b) Because she was afraid to stay alone
c) Because she hated the other wives
d) Because she was undernourished and was going to die anyway
e) None

8 The author has compared the merchant's fourth wife to our............
a) Soul b) Wealth c) Friends d) Status e) Soul

9 What does the author have to say about our soul ?
a) That it is well taken care of
b) That it can give us company only till our death
c) That it has been ignored in the chase for worldly pleasures
d) That it belongs to someone else after our death
e) None

10 What does the phrase 'like a bolt of thunder' used in the passage mean ?
a) Like a very bright light
b) Like a pleasant feeling
c) Like a loud noise
d) Like a shock
e) None
VI. Read the passage and answer the questions

Please read the following sentence/passage and fill-in the blanks with most appropriate word(s) from the options/choice provided under each. From designing and printing corporate brouchures and business cards to photocopying students' essays it's all in a day's work for Multicopy Printing. The family-run firm is one of the most successful printing, copyshop and design offices in the region. Although it is a _____(1)_____ small company, it thinks big. The company has made a considerable_____(2)_____ in high-tech machinery to_____(3)_____up in this rapidly changing industry. The company's success has recently enabled it to modernize and_____(4)_____its premises. Multicopy's Managing Director, Colin Marsh, says,"It was very_____(5)_____before. We may get up to two tones of paper delivered a day and we were running out of space to_____(6)_____it. Now, we are the only business in this area_____(7)_____a print service from start to finish all under one roof. A vast amount of work can be_____(8)_____in a very short span of time. The firm was_____(9)_____up 22 years ago by Colin's father, who was the area manager for a national_____(10)_____of printers before starting his own business.
1 Fill in the blank no.1
a) Relatively b) Roughly c) Wholly d) Nearly e) None of the above

2 Fill in the blank no.2
a) Investment b) Expense c) Cost d) Payment e) None of the above

3 Fill in the blank no.3
a) Go b) Get c) Keep d) Going e) None of the above

4 Fill in the blank no.4
a) Boost b) Exceed c) Continue d) Expand e) None of the above

5 Fill in the blank no.5
a) Closed b) crowded c) Occupied d) Filled e) None of the above

6 Fill in the blank no.6
a) reserve b) collect c) store d) fetch e) None of the above
7 Fill in the blank no.7
a) lending b) providing c) stocking d) holding e) None of the above

8 Fill in the blank no.8
a) settled b) built c) constructed d) completed e) None of the above

9 Fill in the blank no.9
a) taken b) put c) made d) set e) None of the above

10 Fill in the blank no.10
a) branch b) chain c) system d) series e) None of the above
VII. Read the passage and answer the questions

Please read the following sentence/passage and fill-in the blanks with most appropriate word(s) from the options/choice provided under each. Mihir and Mahadev lived in the same village. While Mahadev owned the largest shop in the village, Mihir was a poor farmer. Both had large families, with many sons, daughters-in-law and grandchildren. One day, Mihir, tired of not being able to make ends meet, decided to leave the village and move to the city where they were sure to make enough to feed everyone. They said their goodbyes, packed their few belongings and set off. When night fell, they stopped under a large tree. There was a stream running nearby, where they could refresh themselves. Mihir told his sons to clear the area below the tree. He told his wife to fetch water. He instructed his daughters-in-law to make up the fire and started cutting wood from the tree himself. Now, in the branches of that tree sat a thief. He watched as Mihir's family worked together.. He also noticed they had nothing to cook. Mihir's wife too thought the same for, she said to her husband, "Everything is ready. But what shall we eat ?" Mihir raised his hands to heaven and said, "Don't worry. He is watching all this from above. He will help us." The thief was worried. He had seen that the family was large and worked well together. Surely they did not know he was hiding in the branches ? He decided to make a quick get away. He climbed down swiftly when they were not looking and ran for his life. But, he left behind his bundle of stolen jewels and money, which dropped down into Mihir's lap.'He opened it and jumped with joy when he saw the contents. The family promptly gathered its belongings and returned to the village. There was great excitement when they told everyone how they got rich. Mahadev thought this was a nice quick way to earn some money! He commanded his family to pack some clothes and they set off as if on a journey. They stopped under the same tree and Mahadev started commanding everyone as Mihir had done. But no one in his family was willing to obey orders. They were used to having servants wait on them-so the one who went to the river to fetch water had a nice bath. The one who went to gather wood for the fire went off to'sleep beneath the tree. And Mahadev only ordered everyone about, not bothering to do anything himself. Meanwhile the thief had returned to the tree. He noticed the family members were greedy and selfish. They would never be able to put up a fight together. Then, Mahadev and his wife started the conversation that they had rehearsed carefully. Mahadev's wife said, "Everything is ready. But what shall we eat ?" Mahadev raised his hands upwards and said, "Don't worry. He is watching all this from above. He will help us." At this, the thief jumped. down from the tree, knife in hand. Seeing hint,' everyone started running helter skelter to save themselves. The thief stole everything. Mahadev and his family had to return to the village empty-handed, having lost all the jewellery and gold1 they had taken with them.
1 Which of the following cannot be said about Mihir's family
(A) They respected and obeyed Mihir (B) They were so poor that they sometimes had to starve (C) They had no friends in the village when they were poor d) None
a) Only C b) Only B and C c) Only B d) All A, B and C
2 Why did Mihir and his family decide to camp under the 'thief's tree
a) Being a large family they knew they could capture the thief
b) It was a convenient spot to camp for the night
c) It was the only tree large enough to shelter the whole family
d) There was a stream nearby and wood to build a house
e) Exhausted after the day's travel they couldn't walk any more

3 Why did the thief leave the valuables he had stolen behind ?
a) Seeing Mihir's faith in God the thief was filled with remorse
b) Feeling sorry for Mihir's family he decided to donate the valuables to them
c) He was afraid that God would punish him for stealing
d) In his hurry to run away he forgot to take the valuables along
e) He was confident that they were so well hidden that they would not be found
4 Which of the following best describes Mahadev ?
a) He was a rich businessman
b) He bullied his wife so she obeyed him
c) He paid his servants well to look after his family's needs
d) He was greedy and had cheated Mihir
e) He was brave and decided to trick the thief

5 Why did Mihir's family return to the village ?
a) To show off their newfound wealth
b) To buy back their land and start a business
c) They had no need to shift to the city
d) To share their wealth with the other villagers
e) They wanted to sing God's praises to all the villagers

6 What made Mihir utter the phrase, "He is watching all this from above." ?
a) He had.spotted the thief and wanted to frighten him off
b) He was telling his wife to trust God to look after them
c) It was a warning to his family members to stick together
d) He was begging the thief for help to feed his family
e) None of the abvoe

7 Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage ?
a) Mahadev planned to seek his fortune in the city as Mihir had
b) Mihir's family preferred to live in the city
c) Mahadev had no intention of moving to the city
d) Mahadev lost his entire life savings to the thief
e) The thief only robbed those whom he did not like

8 Why did the thief return to the tree ?
a) To plot how to get his money back
b) He thought no one would look for him there
c) To keep a watch on Mahadev's family
d) Not mentioned in the passage
e) None

9 Why was the thief not afraid of Mahadev's family ?
a) They had not brought their servants along to protect them
b) Seeing their wealth he suspected them of stealinghis loot
c) He had weapons to defend himself
d) Mahadev's family was not as large as Mihir's
e) They had not brought their servants along to protect them

10 How did the villagers react to Mihir's newfound wealth ?
a) They tried hard to coax him to reveal the secret of his wealth
b) They followed his example and became more devout
c) They pretended to be happy for him but were secretly jealous
d) They each plotted to visit the tree and get rich quickly
e) They tried hard to coax him to reveal the secret of his wealth
VIII. Read the passage and answer the questions

Read the passage and answer the questions. Rajendra was a landlord. He had made a lot of money by cheating arid ill-treating his labourers who worked in the fields. One day, a young man named Mani came to Rajendra, asking for work. Rajendra was pleasantly surprised. No one had ever wanted to work for him because of his reputation and here was someone walking right into his house ! Mani’s next few words surprised him even more. Mani said, “I will work for you for free. Only give me a place to sleep, two sets of clothes and two square meals a day.” Rajendra was beside himself with joy when he heard this and was about to agree, when Mani added, “I have only one condition I will tell you the truth always, but one day in the year, I will lie.” Rajendra, who lied happily everyday of the year, agreed to this odd condition.. So, Mani began working for him. He was a wonderful worker-hard-working and trustworthy. He was very honest and soon became Rajendra’s right-hand man. Because of Mani’s hard work, Rajendra had an excellent harvest. He and his wife, Manda, decided to have a big feast to celebrate. They invited all their relatives and friends, from the village and outside as well. Everyone was looking forward to the delicious feast being planned. On the rooming of the feast, Rajendra decided he would also give away some gifts to his relatives, just to show off. So, he set off for the market in his cart. As soon as, he was out of sight, Mani went runningTo Manda. He wept loudly and beat his chest. Then, he fell on the floor, sobbing and announced, ‘The master is dead! The cart overturned on the road. Out master has been flattened like a chapatti!” As soon as, Rajendra’s wife and relatives heard this, they started wailing. Mani rushed out, saying he would bring back the body, while everyone started preparing for the last rites. Mani now went running to his master and said, “Master! Your wife is dead. A cobra bit her and she fell to the ground, as blue as the spring sky.” Rajendra was stunned. What! His beloved Manda, his partner in all his schemes, was dead ! He hurried home shouting her name. Manda too was weeping loudly, sitting in the courtyard. When she saw her husband run in, she stopped mid-wail and Rajendra too stood open mouthed. Then, they fell into each other’s arms, unable to believe their eyes. As one, they turned to Mani. “What is the meaning of this, Mani ?” his master angrily demanded. Mani smiled. “Remember my condition, that I would lie once in the year ? Well, I chose today. You see what lies can do ? Now, think what happens to the people whom you lie to everyday of the year!” Saying this, he walked out, leaving behind a stunned and ashamed landlord.
1 Why did Mani want to work for Rajendra ?
a) Rajendra offered him food, clothing and shelter
b) To learn from Rajendra who was a successful businessman
c) To earn his trust so he could take over the business one day
d) He wanted to show Rajendra the error of his ways
e) Rajendra did not mind his bad habit of telling lies

2 Why did Rajendra shout at Mani one day ?
A. Mani had lied to Rajendra and his wife causing them to fight.
B. The feast had to be cancelled because of Mani and Rajendra suffered huge losses.
C. He had embarrassed his wife and him in front of their friends and relatives.
D. None
a) Only A b) Only A and B c) Only C d) All A, B and C
3 What was Rajendra's immediate reaction on hearing the news of his wife's 'death' ?
a) He panicked because his wife was responsible for them being rich
b) He ran home at once because he doubted Mani's honesty
c) He was very upset and rushed home at once
d) He wanted to make funeral arrangements
e) He went home to inform everyone that the feast was cancelled

4 Why did Rajendra go out on the day of the feast ?
a) He wanted to share his good fortune with his relatives
b) He took gifts for his relatives who were not as well off as he was
c) He wanted to boast about his prosperity to his relatives
d) To purchase groceries required for the feast from the market
e) He wanted to personally invite his relatives who lived outside the village

5 Why did Mani work very hard for Rajendra ?
a) He took pride in his work and wanted to ensure a good harvest
b) He was grateful to Rajendra for giving him a job
c) He knew Rajendra would share the profit with his right hand man
d) He considered himself as part of Rajendra's family
e) He took pride in his work and wanted to ensure a good harvest

6 Why did Rajendra accept Mani's condition ?
a) He did not value honesty
b) He had no intention of letting Mani fulfill it
c) He was an expert at detecting when people lied
d) He knew how difficult it was to stop lying
e) He predicted that Mani would be an excellent worker

7 Why did Mani lie to Manda ?
a) Out of revenge for not being invited to the feast
b) To find out whether Rajendra's relatives cared about him or his wealth
c) To help her realise how much Rajendra meant to her
d) To delay the start of the feast as his master had not yet arrived
e) Out of revenge for not being invited to the feast

8 Which of the following is rure in the context of the passage ?
a) Rajendra was ashamed only because Mani had managed to trick him
b) Mani had many friends who were cheated by Rajendra
c) Rajendra was a miser because despite being wealthy he travelled by cart
d) Mani was clever and a good actor
e) Manda was an excellent cook and had prepared a delicious feast

9 Which of the following can be said about Manda ?
A. She trusted Mani more than Rajendra.
B. She had a good relationship with her husband's relatives.
C. She was dishonest.
D. None
a) Only C b) Only A and C c) Only B and C d) All A, B and C
10 What opinion did Rajendra's workers have of him?
a) He was generous for' paying them and r, providing for their basic needs
b) He was a cheat and he exploited them
c) He was a weak man who listened only to his wife
d) He was unfair to his workers and paid each a different salary
e) None
IX. Read the passage and answer the questions

Read the passage and answer the questions. In 1928, 25 year old John Stewart was ____(1)____ redundant. He was left with a compensation ____(2)____ of $ of 5000 and a determination to be his own ____(3)____.As a supporter of his local football club, he had often helped them by maintaining and repairing their seating. He now ____(4)____ to set up his own company and make a ____(5)____ out of his lobby. His first ____(6)____ was to get 1000 brouchures printed, ____(7)____ the two main services which he could ____(8)____,repair and maintenance. He sent these brouchures to amateur and professional football clubs, and other similar ____(9)____ such as hockey clubs. The week after completing the mailing was the worst of his life. He had no responses at all. Then a letter arrived from Scotland inviting him to give a ____(10)____ for a pre-season check of a football club’s seating.
1 Fill in the blank no.1
a) Told b) Made c) Required d) Found e) None of the above

2 Fill in the blank no.2
a) Salary b) Wage c) Payment d) Amount e) None of the above

3 Fill in the blank no.3
a) Boss b) Worker c) Businessman d) Head e) None of the above

4 Fill in the blank no.4
a) Accepted b) Thought c) Liked d )Decided e) None of the above 5 Fill in the blank no.5
a) Living b) Practising c) Labour d) Task e) None of the above

6 Fill in the blank no.6
a) Stage b) Point c) Movement d) Step e) None of the above

7 Fill in the blank no.7
a) Declaring b) Expressing c) Outlining d) Designing e) None of the above

8 Fill in the blank no.8
a) Do b) Provide c) Achieve d) Succeed e) None of the above
9 Fill in the blank no.9
a) Organizations b) Situations c) Activities d) Sports e) None of the above

10 Fill in the blank no.10
a) Bid b) Tender c) Valuation d)Quotation e) None of the above

XII
Read the sentence and find out which of the four combinations is correct.
It is one of the tragedies of modern times that despite the spread of education, change in traditional beliefs, customs and manners the condition of women remains largely unchanged. Despite several laws designed to improve the lot of women, evils such as dowry continue causing havoc in the lives of parents and the young girls. The custom of dowry was started by our forefathers with a practical purpose. The girl was given gifts and jewellery at the time of her marriage so that she could start life afresh without feeling weighed down by everyday needs of life. Another reason for giving away part of the possessions was that the girls were not entitled to any share in the property by right. Only the boys could be the legal heirs to the wealth and property left by the parents. But over the years the custom of dowry has been degraded. Marriage has become like a business transaction where the terms are dictated by the boy’s parents.
1. The condition of women remains largely unchanged
a. Because of change in traditional beliefs, customs
b. Because of the spread of education c. Because of new laws
d. Despite the spread of education ans: (D)
2. In earlier times, one of the reasons for giving dowry was
a. Because the women wanted a share in the property b. Tradition
c. That the parents would not be obliged to bear further cost.
d. Because the girls were not entitled to any share in the property. ANS: (d)
XIII
Mikhail Gorbechev's ouster, though dramatic in every respect, is on no account a surprise. Both his foes and his closest friends had been warning him of it with a heightening sense of urgency for the past several months. Its consequences, however, are wholly unpredictable. The soviet Union could well witness protracted violence on a mass scale should the reformists and the republics, those which have sought varying degrees of sovereignty for themselves, choose to defy the central authority. It is possible that the country after an initial period of uncertainty, and perhaps even violence, could revert to the pre-Perestroika system. Equally uncertain is the course of East-West relations. These are bound to deteriorate though the extent of deterioration must remain a matter of conjecture. Hailed abroad as a leader who had dared to free Soviet citizens from fear, who had enabled the countries of Eastern Europe to become democracies ever as they regained their full sovereign status, who had paved the way for the reunification of Germany and who had exposed the moribund and totalitarian character of communism, he appeared, at home, to come under fire from all sides.
1. Under Gorbachev's term,the Soviet people were
a. Indisciplined and lazy b. Committed to communism
c. Afraid to speak d. Not afraid to criticise ans: (c)
2. The relations between the Soviet Union and Western countries
a. May improve considerably b. Will definitely get worse
c. Are likely to remain unaffected d. Will fluctuate ans: (b)
3. The post-Gorbachev era may witness
a. Reversal of Perestroika b. A more open economy
c. Sovereignty for republics d. Greater role for reformers ans: (b)
4. As a result of his policies, the countries of Eastern Europe became
a. Democratic but with a monarchy b. United and totalitarian
c. Democratic and truly independent d. Authoritarian and inhuman ans: (a)
5. The removal of Mikhail Gorbachev from power is
a. Vivid and shocking b. Strange and cruel
c. Dramatic but expected d. Thrilling and extraordinary ans: (c)
XIV
The current political turmoil in India is more or less synonymous with the turmoil in Hindu society arising out of conflicting global ideologies and the obsolescence of the Manu code of behaviour for Hindus. Hinduism owed its survival not only to the phenomenon of enlightened gurus and seers over the centuries-from Adi Shankara and Ramanuja to Ramakrishna Paramhansa; Vivekananda and Maharshi Ramana - but also because Hindu society was quick to adjust itself to the changing times and people and believed in assimilation and absorption rather than exclusivist faith.
1. The passage hints a similarity
a. Between Hinduism and current political crisis
b. Global ideologies and obsolescence of the Manu code
c. Between current political crisis and the turmoil in Hindu society
d. Between Vivekananda and Ramakrishna
2. Hinduism survived
a. Only because of enlightened gurus b. Only because of its assimilative quality
c. Only because of its quality to adjust itself to the changing times
d. Because it has synthesised its assimilative absorbing quality with the enlightenment of its thinkers over a long time
3. The passage suggests that
a. The current political turmoil in India is the consequence of Guru's teachings
b. The elightened gurus have done harm to Hinduism
c. The obsolescence of the Manu code of behaviour has come in conflict with global ideologies
d. Hinduism is the cause of current political turmoil
XV
In 1928, 25 year old John Stewart was (1)_________redundant. He was left with a compensation (2)____________of $ of 5000 and a determination to be his own(3)_________.As a supporter of his local football club, he had often helped them by maintaining and repairing their seating. He now (4) ___________to set up his own company and make a (5)______________out of his lobby. His first ___(6)___ was to get 1000 brouchures printed, ____(7)____ the two main services which he could ____(8)____ ,repair and maintenance. He sent these brouchures to amateur and professional football clubs, and other similar _____(9)____ such as hockey clubs. The week after completing the mailing was the worst of his life. He had no responses at all. Then a letter arrived from Scotland inviting him to give a ___(10)____ for a pre-season check of a football club’s seating.
Q1) Fill in the blank no.1
a) Told b)Made c)Required d)Found e)None of the above
Q2) Fill in the blank no.2
a) Salary b)Wage c)Payment d)Amount e)None of the above
Q3) Fill in the blank no.3
a)Boss b)Worker c)Businessman d)Head e)None of the above
Q4)Fill in the blank no.4
a)Accepted b)Thought c)Liked d)Decided e)None of the above
Q5)Fill in the blank no.5
a)Living b)Practising c)Labor d)Task e)None of the above
Q6)Fill in the blank no.6
a)Stage b)Point c)Movement d)Step e)None of the above
Q7)Fill in the blank no.7
a) Declaring b)Expressing c)Outlining d)Designing e)None of the above
Q8) Fill in the blank no.8
a)Do b)Provide c)Achieve d)Succeed e)None of the above
Q9) Fill in the blank no.9
a) Organizations b)Situations c)Activities d)Sports e)None of the above
Q10)Fill in the blank no.10

a)Bid b)Tender c)Valuation d)Quotation e)None of the above 

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